Focusing on gymnastics to gain strength, hardiness and endurance in childhood, they learned to throw the javelin – along with practicing archery and the battle-axe – when they grew older, before entering a specific regiment.
Javelins were carried by Egyptian light infantry, as a main weapon, and as an alternative to a spear or a bow and arrow, generally along with a shield.
They also carried a curved sword, a club or a hatchet as a side-arm.
The peltasts, usually serving as skirmishers, were armed with several javelins, often with throwing straps to increase stand-off power.
The Hastati stood in the first line, the Principes in the second line and the Triarii at the third line.