Some scammers claim to be North American, European or Australian citizens working in an African nation such as Ghana, Nigeria or based in Lagos.
The story goes that they are paid in money orders but are having trouble cashing them; could you please cash the orders and wire the money to Nigeria?
They are consequently kidnapped and you will be asked to urgently send them some ransom money to help them get out of the messy situation.
Yes, this one definitely pulls on the heart strings because you will obviously want to do something to help but don't fall for it because it is simply a way to play on people's emotions and then scam money from them.
Taking advantage of the "dangerous" perception of Africa, scammers often create elaborate fake kidnap plans.