The Spanish presence also included Catholic missionaries, who established Santa Catalina de Guale and other short-lived missions at points along Georgia's coast from 1568 through 1684.
These missions played a key role in assimilating the Native American populations of the region into the colonial system.
The colony was governed by royally appointed governors instead of a council of Trustees from 1752 to 1776, ending with the outbreak of the Revolutionary War (1775-83).colony as a refuge for the debtors who crowded London prisons; however, no such prisoners were among the initial settlers.
Georgia also had the distinction of being the only southern state challenged over Indian sovereignty in a U. Atlanta, originally named Terminus, was founded in 1837 as the end of the rail system's line and subsequently grew into one of the South's principal cities.
By the 1850s the state claimed more miles of rail lines than did any of its southern neighbors, positioning Georgia as an important home front during the Civil War (1861-65)."Empire State of the South," as an increasingly industrialized Georgia had come to be known, was the second-largest state in area east of the Mississippi River.
In 1787 two Georgians, Abraham Baldwin and William Few Jr., signed the new U. Constitution at the Constitutional Convention, also in Philadelphia, and Georgia became the fourth state (following Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey) to enter the Union when it ratified the Constitution on January 2, 1788.
American troops, as the latter, with help from French forces, tried unsuccessfully to liberate the city from its yearlong occupation by British troops.
The human history of Georgia begins well before the founding of the colony, with Native American cultures that date back to the Paleoindian Period at the end of the Ice Age, nearly 13,000 years ago. These unique environmental zones drew a variety of native peoples to the region, leading to a greater diversity of early Indian cultures than was found elsewhere in the Southeast.