It was impossible to find evidence of crochet in Europe before 1800.A great many sources state that crochet has been known as far back as the 1500s in Italy under the name of 'nun's work' or 'nun's lace,' where it was worked by nuns for church textiles," she says.Techniques for working with a needle -knitting, netting, weaving, twisting, braiding, knotting - have been called by many names throughout history.
Throughout the ages, a variety of materials have been used: hair, grasses, reeds, animal fur and sinew, hemp, flax, wool, gold and silver and copper strands, silk, white cotton thread, wool yarns (soft zephyr yam, lustre yarn, double cable yarn, carpet yarn), cotton yarn (anchor and estramadura), silk thread (cordonnet and floss), linen thread, hemp thread, mohair, chenille, novelty mixtures, metal thread and string.
Today we have at our disposal an enormously wide selection of cotton, wool, silk and synthetic yarns.
Crochet began turning up in Europe in the early 1800s and was given a tremendous boost by Mlle.
Riego de la Branchardiere, who was best known for her ability to take old-style needle and bobbin lace designs and turn them into crochet patterns that could easily be duplicated.
It pulled them out of their potato famine, which lasted from 1845 to 1850 and threw them into abject poverty.